Efectos de un programa basado en hang power clean sobre la capacidad de salto de un equipo profesional de balonmano femenino


  • Ibai Guridi Universidad del País Vasco
  • Ander Formoso
  • Julen Castellano Universidad del País Vasco




Strength, power; jump, plyometrics, Olympic lifts


Coaches use olympic exercise training to improve the power generation of athletes, as it has a high potential to increase the ratio of force development, and thus, sports performance. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of an intervention using the hang power clean in elite female handball players. Fifteen players from the same team participated, who competed in the Spanish first division (DHF guerreras Iberdrola) during the 2021-2022 season (age: 25.2 ±2.4 years, weight: 70.4 ±7.9 kg, height: 171.2 ±5.3 cm). The players were evaluated both at the beginning and at the end of the 6-week intervention, in two types of vertical jump: Abalakov and Double contact jump. The results showed significant improvements from pre- to post-test in all the variables analyzed, with the exception of those related to starting speed. This information seems to indicate that a short training program in which hang power clean work is emphasized could increase the vertical jump capacity of professional handball players, as well as improve their muscular stiffness. The results found can be extrapolated to other female athletes in which the force management requirements are similar.


Download data is not yet available.


Aagaard, P., Simonsen, E. B., Andersen, J. L., Magnusson, P., & Dyhre-Poulsen, P. (2002). Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93(4), 1318-1326. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00283.2002

Atkinson, G., & Nevill, A. M. (1998). Statistical methods for assessing measurement error (Reliability) in variables relevant to sports medicine. Sports Medicine, 26(4), 217-238. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199826040-00002

Ato, M., López-García, J. J., & Benavente, A. (2013). UN sistema de clasificación de los diseños de investigación en psicología. Anales de Psicología, 29(3). https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.29.3.178511

Ayers, J., DeBeliso, M., Sevene, T., & Adams, K. (2016). Hang cleans and hang snatches produce similar improvements in female collegiate athletes. Biology of Sport, 33(3), 251-256. https://doi.org/10.5604/20831862.1201814

Baker, D., & Nance, S. (1999). The relation between strength and power in professional Rugby league players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 13(3), 224. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(1999)013<0224:trbsap>2.0.co;2

Balsalobre-Fernández, C., Muñoz-López, M., Marchante, D., & García-Ramos, A. (2021). Repetitions in reserve and rate of perceived exertion increase the prediction capabilities of the load-velocity relationship. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 35(3), 724-730. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002818

Scherfenberg, & Burns, S. (2013). Implementing Hang Cleans for the Improvement of Vertical Jump in High School Athletes. Journal of Exercise Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 16(2), 50-59.

Bosco, C. (1994). La valoración de la fuerza con el test de Bosco. Colección Deporte y Entrenamiento. Ed. Paidotribo. Barcelona.

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Routledge.

Comfort, P., Allen, M., & Graham-Smith, P. (2011). Kinetic comparisons during variations of the power clean. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(12), 3269–3273. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182184dea

Comfort, P., Williams, R., Suchomel, T. J., & Lake, J. P. (2017). A Comparison of Catch Phase Force-Time Characteristics during Clean Derivatives from the Knee. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(7), 1911–1918. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001660

Cormie, P., McGuigan, M. R., & Newton, R. U. (2011a). Developing maximal neuromuscular power: Part 1 - Biological basis of maximal power production. Sports Medicine 41(1), 17–38. https://doi.org/10.2165/11537690-000000000-00000.

Cormie, P., McGuigan, M. R., & Newton, R. U. (2011b). Developing maximal neuromuscular power: Part 2 training considerations for improving maximal power production. Sports Medicine, 41(2), 125–146. https://doi.org/10.2165/11538500-000000000-00000

Duba, J., Kraemer, W. J., & Martin, G. (2009). Progressing From the Hang Power Clean to the Power Clean: A 4-Step Model. National Strength and Conditioning Association, 31(3), 58-66. http://www.nsca-cc.org/ceus/quizzes.html

Hackett, D., Davies, T., Soomro, N., & Halaki, M. (2016). Olympic weightlifting training improves vertical jump height in sportspeople: A systematic review with meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine 50(14), 865–872. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094951.

Helms, E. R., Cronin, J., Storey, A., & Zourdos, M. C. (2016). Application of the Repetitions in Reserve-Based Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale for Resistance Training. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 38(4), 42–49. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000218

Hermassi, S., Chelly, M. S., Bragazzi, N. L., Shephard, R. J., & Schwesig, R. (2019). In-season weightlifting training exercise in healthy male handball players: Effects on body composition, muscle volume, maximal strength, and ball-throwing velocity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(22), 4520. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224520.

Hoffman, J. R., Cooper, J., Wendell, M., & Kang, J. (2004). Comparison of olympic vs. traditional power lifting training programs in football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(1), 129–135. https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200402000-00019

Hori, N., Newton, R. U., Andrews, W. A., Kawamori, N., Mcguigan, M. R., & Nosaka, K. (2008). Does performance of hang power clean differentiate performance of jumping, sprinting, and changing of direction? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(2), 412–418. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318166052b

Iacono, A. dello, Martone, D., Milic, M., & Padulo, J. (2017). Vertical- vs. Horizontal-Oriented Drop Jump Training: Chronic Effects on Explosive Performances of Elite Handball Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(4), 921–931. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001555

Kilduff, L. P., Bevan, H., Owen, N., Kingsley, M. I. C., Bunce, P., Bennett, M., & Cunningham, D. (2007). Optimal loading for peak power output during the hang power clean in professional rugby players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2(3), 260–269. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2.3.260

Lopes dos Santos, M. (2019). Body Mass As The Optimal Load Predictor For Power Clean Body Mass As The Optimal Load Predictor For Power Clean Variations: A Practical Approach Variations: A Practical Approach. Master's thesis, School of Kinesiology and Recreation. Illinois state university.

MacKenzie, S. J., Lavers, R. J., & Wallace, B. B. (2014). A biomechanical comparison of the vertical jump, power clean, and jump squat. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(16), 1576–1585. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.908320

McBride, J. M., Haines, T. L., & Kirby, T. J. (2011). Effect of loading on peak power of the bar, body, and system during power cleans, squats, and jump squats. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(11), 1215–1221. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.587444

Moolyk, A. N., Carey, J. P., & Chiu, L. Z. F. (2013). Characteristics of lower extremity work during the impact phase of jumping and weightlifting. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(12), 3225–3232.

Pueo, B., Jimenez-Olmedo, J. M., Lipińska, P., Buśko, K., & Penichet-Tomas, A. (2018). Concurrent validity and reliability of proprietary and open-source jump mat systems for the assessment of vertical jumps in sport sciences. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 20(3), 51–57. https://doi.org/10.5277/ABB-01132-2018-02

Pueo, B., Penichet-Tomas, A., & Jimenez-Olmedo, J. M. (2020). Reliability and validity of the Chronojump open-source jump mat system. Biology of Sport, 37(3), 255–259. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2020.95636

Pyne, D. B., Mujika, I., & Reilly, T. (2009). Peaking for optimal performance: Research limitations and future directions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(3), 195–202. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802509136

Robertson, R. J., Goss, F. L., Rutkowski, J., Lenz, B., Dixon, C., Timmer, J., Frazee, K., Dube, J., & Andreacci, J. (2003). Concurrent validation of the OMNI perceived exertion scale for resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(2), 333–341. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000048831.15016.2A

Sánchez López, S., Rodríguez Pérez, M. A., & Sánchez López, S. (2017). Strategies to Optimize Strength and Endurance Concurrent Training in Elite Handball. E-Balonmano.com, 13(1), 15–26.

Santos, E. & Janeira, M. (2011). The effects of plyometric training followed by detraining and reduced training periods on explosive strength in adolescent male basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(2), 441–452. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b62be3

Soto, D., & Bautista, I. (2022). Efectos de un protocolo de entrenamiento de fuerza con autocargas y pliometría sobre el rendimiento físico en balonmano: Categoría de primera nacional femenina. E-Balonmano.com, 18(2), 83–92.

Suchomel, T. J., Comfort, P., & Stone, M. H. (2015). Weightlifting Pulling Derivatives: Rationale for Implementation and Application. Sports Medicine, 45(6) 823–839). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0314-y

Suchomel, T. J., McKeever, S. M., & Comfort, P. (2020). Training With Weightlifting Derivatives: The Effects of Force and Velocity Overload Stimuli. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(7), 1808–1818. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003639

Tomczak, M., & Tomczak, E. (2014). The need to report effect size estimates revisited. An overview of some recommended measures of effect size. In TRENDS in Sport Sciences, 1(21).

Turner, T. S., Tobin, D. P., & Delahunt, E. (2015). Peak power in the hexagonal barbell jump squat and its relationship to jump performance and acceleration in elite rugby union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(5), 1234–1239. www.nsca.com

Zourdos, M. C., Klemp, A., Dolan, C., Quiles, J. M., Schau, K. A., Jo, E., Helms, E., Esgro, B., Duncan, S., Garcia Merino, S., & Blanco, R. (2016). Novel Resistance Training-Specific Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale Measuring Repetitions in Reserve. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(1), 267–275. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001049




How to Cite

Efectos de un programa basado en hang power clean sobre la capacidad de salto de un equipo profesional de balonmano femenino. (2024). E-Balonmano Com Journal Sports Science, 20(1), 13-22. https://doi.org/10.17398/1885-7019.20.13